Pride of the prewar University was petrography-mineralogical and paleontological museums - one of the oldest not only in Odessa, but also in Ukraine. The most valuable collection of the former was generated by professor R.O. Prendel, who became the initiator of the introduction of the law, according to which (under the petition of V.I. Vernadsky) for the first time in world practice the meteorites became of scientific value and they should be brought to scientific establishments. After the death of R.O. Prendel the director of a museum became his pupil professor M.D. Sidorenko. Holding this post he met 1917 and fulfilled the scientific responsibility with renunciation.
In Soviet times Odessa collection was replenished by interchanging with the Committee of meteorites of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Unique in the University is the collection of the meteorites " Old Boriskino", "Gross Libental ", "Zabroddya", "Odessa", and in the whole Odessa collection is concerned one of the best in Europe (85 names) and entered into the catalogue of meteorites of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Since the time of foundation of the University many public contracts on development of processing of mineral components and caustoboliths have been carried out at the museum.
At the biological faculty the scientific works on the self-financing basisare in a wide practice. For their coordination the laboratory NIL led by the senior lecturer L. A. Karpov was created.
Scientific establishments of the biological faculty is a Zoological museum and a Botanical garden.
The post-war history the museum began with the recovery of the damaged and lost during the occupation. It was supervised by professor M.P. Savchuk and assistant (in due course - a senior lecturer) L.E. Beshevli. When professor I.I Pusanov arrived in Odessa the recovery, and both extension and enrichment of the exposition hardly began. The professor organized a broad faunistic study of the lower of the Dnistre and other regions of the Southern-Western Black Sea region involving in that study young scientists and students (V.S. Gubski, A.Ya.Slobodyanik and others). The collection of the museum began to replenish, and farther, in connection with a redeployment in a new location in the new-built biological faculty, this process speeded up. Taxidermists Yu.S. Nikandrov, S.V. Mikhailov, artist B.I. Volodarski, laboratory assistants I.I. Genesin and Yu.V. Suvorov had an opportunity to create even art biogroups, such as " the Wolves on a day time respite ", " In swamps of the Danube " and so forth. The assimilation of a sculptural method has enabled to create also a series of large stuffed sharks and slopes, to mount a skeleton of a light-blue whale. In due course the exhibition replenished with a collection of birds of the Antarctic Region, fish of ocean and other material, which was collected by the former graduates from the biological faculty and then transmitted to the museum.
There were expeditions to Western and East Siberia, Northern Caspian, in mountains Sayany and Caucasus performed by the workers of the museumt A. Treskin and I. Zamorov have visited even the Indian ocean, whence they brought collections of tropical fishes and molluscs. The collection was considerably enriched in the result of inter-exchange with museums of Novosibirsk, Alma-Ata, Vladivostok and others.
In the botanical Garden (after the war its directors were O.O. Titarenko, A.T. Boltyan, P.M. Skotoboets, the present director of the botanical Garden - A. S. Bonetskiy) contains a rich (about 5 thousands taxons) collection of plants. The experimental basis of the garden takes 7.9 sq. hec. and the herb arium fund has reached almost 13 thousands of pages. The collective continues to carry out the research begun as far back as before the war on introduction and acclimatization of plants, protection and enrichment of flora of our region. In the result there is one of the most significant arboreta of the Southern-Western Black Sea region.
Novorossiysk University, as is known, for many years were a unique centre of science in the South of Russia. The outstanding contributors to geology, stratigraphy, hydrogeology and paleontology worked there. V.D. Lascarev, I.V. Sintsov and others generated regional collections of the University paleonthological museum. Further exposition was replenished by means of new discoveries of ancient burials in Odessa, found in underground hollows. In a 1928 in Odessa catacombs karst caves were found out, where in alluvium there remained the whole accumulation of residuals. Over forty spices of animals are described here. In the fossil structure were a late pliocene camel, a tiger, hyenas, other predators, rodents, birds, including ostrich, a mastodon etc. The scheduled excavation in the karst caves of Odessa was begun in 1935. The scientific principal of the expedition was D.K. Tretyakov.